In Kain Lho In 1997, Chinese authorities launched the “re-education” campaign in all monasteries in the Kan Lho Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture under Gansu Province. Officials from the PSB and the Religious Bureau of Kan Lho were sent to monasteries to teach socialist values and force monks to destroy pictures of the Dalai Lama and the Panchen Lama recognised by Dalai Lama, and to believe in and display pictures of Gyaltsen Norbu – China’s choice of “Panchen Lama”.

In Machu County, officials forced monks to buy pictures of Gyaltsen Norbu which come in three different sizes. The large one costs 25 yuan, the medium 10 yuan and the small one 2 yuan.

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